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THE MANIA PROGRESSES. 
The following- appeared in the Chi- 
cago Inter Ocean of Nov. 30: 

EXPERIMENT SHOWS THAT MURDERERS IN 

■1ING SING ARE KILLED BY THE 

DOCTORS' KNIVES. 

An amateur electrician in Jersey City has just 
demonstrated, so far as it is possible to demon- 
strate without an experiment upon a human 
being, that electrocution does not necessarily 
mean death. The young man secured from Dr. 
Gibbons a pair of bellows, such as are to be 
used upon the first lucky or unlucky mortal who 
is '-killed'' by electricity in the doctor's pres- 
ence. Next was secured a cow, healthy and 
strong. The animal was taken to the local elec- 
tric light establishment, where she was placed, 
so to speak, in an electric chair. She was given 
3,000 volts, and fell as th -ugh all four legs had 
tripped at once. 

The current was continued until life 

seemed extinct, then the operator pried 

open the fixed jaws of the animal, 

forced a tube from the bellows down 

the throat and after repeated efforts 

the animal came to life and stood upon 

her feet. No mention is made of her 

sufferings in the struggle, of course. 

The article closes thus. 

This strengthens the theory that the murderers 
at Sing Sing and Auburn have really been killed 
by the doctors' knives and not by electricity. 

All these performances tend to 
strengthen the growing distrust of the 
medical profession — which, of course, 
was "consulted" before capital punish- 
ment by electrocution was established 
in New York state. The endeavor to 
produce death "scientifically" has, so 
far, resulted like most medical "exper- 
iments' — in death brutally; and the 
failures in experimentation seem to be 
as dismal as the methods by which they 
are conducted. In order not to suffer 
unjustly in the approbrium piling up 
about the fraternity, humane physicians 
should now announce their se.itiments 
concerning the whole horrible busi- 
ness in no uncertain manner. They 
may be in the minority at present; he 
"is a slave who dare not be in the 
right with two or three." 

INVESTIGATING BACH OTHER. 

A jjreat alo hai recently been made 



over the selling of impure small pox 
vaccine by the druggists and doctors 
of Milwaukee. The "reporter" of the 
business is a Dr. Herzog who claims to 
have discovered the true germ of small- 
pox. Because Dr. Herzog first com- 
municated his discovery to a "common 
lay newspaper" instead of the medical 
profession in solemn conclave, "the 
doctors disagree" with him in his 
ideas. According to The Tribune: 

The most of them think the whole proceeding 
is highly irregular. For that reason they will 
not discuss Dr. Herzog's flagellated amoebae that 
prey as parasites on other bacilli, thereby pro- 
ducing smallpox. Dr. Herzog says that points 
charged with some cheap irritant like croton oil 
are ueing soid, and he says the men who are 
doing it are murderers. 

SINCE OUR LAST. 

A dearth of occupation has forced 
some of our "Scientists" to employ 
themselves as follows, according to our 
daily newspapers: 

Dr. Foote, Yale demonstrator of bac- 
teriology, is' investigating the power of 
the typhoid germ to propagate itself 
in the raw oyster. 

Since the above was penned we have 
received an account of the death of 
seven students of Wesleyan College, 
Middletown, Ct., from eating raw oys- 
ters. Upon investigation it was ascer- 
tained that the bivalves were taken 
from an experimental bed planted off 
the mouth of a sewer, to determine 
whether the oyster would thrive on the 
solid substance of sewerage. The ex- 
periment was a success! What are 
seven dead students in comparison with 
this sum of knowledge! 

Dr. Aergal, assistant at the local 
Hygienic Institute, Hamburg, died 
there, Sept. 1, of typical cholera. 

[If it is the intention of vivisectorsto 
prosecute their vile sport to indefinite 
ages would it not be a blessing to the 
world to encourage them in it if by this 
means they will contract the diseases 
they are manufacturing and hasten 
hence— although they do say that some 
of the microbes will live through 
intense heat!! 






ANTl-VlYlSlSUTiON. 



There is another candidate for the 
honor of producing' anti-toxine (through 
experimentation) in the person of Dr. 
Paul Gibier of New York— he who ad- 
vances the idea that dogs have souls. 

•'•Dr. V. C. Vaughan. dean of the University of 
Michigan's medical faculty, believes that he has 
discovered a certain specific for tuberculosis. 
The product is called nuclein and was but recently 
made." 

Dr. John M. Byron, director of the 
bacteriological department of the 
Loomis Laboratory in the University 
Medical College, is suffering from con- 
sumption as the result of experiment- 
ing with tuberculosis bacteria and been 
obliged to abandon a lucrative practice. 

••A melancholy interest attaches to the case of 
Dr. Charles Graham, bacteriologist of the Starling 
M°dical College, Columbus. O. Dr. Graham is 
wasting away with consumption caught from cul- 
tivating and handling the microbes of the disease 
while he was studyinjit."' 



AN INTERNATIONAL CHRIS- 
TIAN (?) DISGRACE. 

In regard to the setting aside in the 
Sunday schools of the country for the 
study of the little laws respecting 
kindness to all living things, ''objec- 
tion has been raised by the Interna- 
tional Sunday School Union, it arguing 
that there were not sufficient scriptural 
injunctions to justify the 12,000,000 
children giving their attention to the 
study.'' It is not surprising that skep- 
ticism and infidelity abound and are 
increasing-. Scientific theological 
/caching has seldom had room for the 
tender amenities of life. We do not 
however, accept the decree of the 
••International Union" as embodying 
the opinions or wishes of the people 
at large. The narrow policy of the 
Union has doubtless been unwisely 
placed in the hands of a very few who 
are unable to look over the bulwark of 
'"doctrine" upon the real need of hu- 
manity and the things which "make 
the world better."' The teaching to 
children of "beliefs" in contradistinc- 



tion to known "truths" one of these 
••truths" being that kindness to all liv- 
ing creatures enlarges the soul — is a 
vast waste of time and energy which 
will grow less as the world progress i;i 
mental and spiritual stature. 



I have been reproached with loving 
animals better than human beings but 
I sturdily defend my position, and say l 
will change my opinion, when I find 
ingratitude and selfishness as rarely in 
my fellow beings as I do among my ani- 
mal friends. I met a gentleman on the 
street when T was petting a pretty little 
puppy that persisted in following me 
from a neighbor's house. "That's the 
kind of a pet / like," said he. pointing 
to a baby close by. •"Yes.' 7 I answered. 
"I like them, too, but a heart that's not 
large enough to hold both a baby and a 
dog is a small affair." S. T. T. 



FATE OF HOSPITAL PATIENTS. 

Iu an article on "Human Vivisection"' 
the •■Daily (London) Chronicle" of May 
1-"). 1894, said — "We shall never have 
our hospitals thoroughly entitled to 
public conlidence until the older mem- 
bers of the medical profession openly 
take tip arms against the younger mem- 
bers who are converting houses of char- 
ity into butchers' shops." 

Is it necessary to speak in detail of 
how patients are needlessly examined 
by doctors and students: that they are 
frequently made to undergo unnecessary 
operations and even amputations that 
surgeons may have practice: of how the 
blunders of young students in poor mid- 
wifery cases are covered up for the 
credit of the hospital; of the trials of 
new drugs upon hospital patients; of 
how they are tortured by useless opera- 
tions when dying? 

Such are some of the facts which 
account greatly for the decrease of con- 
tributions to our hospitals. And if facts 
such as these do not tell against the 
hospitals more heavily year by year, 
1 am sadly mistaken in my understand- 
ing of the constitution of my fellow-men. 
Joseph Collinson. 



When you talk about "lower animals" 
whst is so "low" as Man? — C. A H. 



£NXt- VIVISECTION. 



If Mrs. Cleveland is the gracious lady we be- 
'lieve her to be she will heartily endorse the posi- 
tion of the W. C. T. U. on vivisection. --Chicago 
Tribune. 

Aged horses are being - inoculated 
with ••diphtheria toxine."' in St. Louis. 
It is not stated what diseases they are 
afflicted . with — or how human beings 
inoculated with serum from diseased 
horses are to be benefited. 



As between tne vivisection of an inno- 
cent, affectionate animal and a vile and 
guilty human being, justice and human- 
ity would uniformly protect the former; 
and the plea that an animal has no soul 
is a weak argument in favor of tortur- 
ing its divinely made and sensitive body. 
It is the soul of the torturer that should 
come under consideration — if he have 
one. 

Whoever is thoroughly humane will 
be willing to make sacrifices to advance 
the anti-cruelty cause — to restrict 
themselves in unnecessary expendi- 
tures and give of their means. They 
may only be able to put in a widow's 
mite— and that mite may send a; mes- 
sage to some hitherto unthinking heart 
and cause therein a revolution that 
shall change a life from selfishness to 
active benevolence. Let us thus put a 
little seed in the ground whenever it 
is possible. 

Prof. Hyde, the college naturalist, 
has already secured a fine 'collection, of 
zoological specimens, such a, wiggle 
tails, toads, frogs, crawfishes and tor- 
toises which he is daily sacrificing up- 
on the dissecting table before his phys- 
iology classes. They also make good 
objects for the students to look at 
through a microscope. — Shenandoah 
(lewa) Sentinel. 

And we are glad to learn that some 
of the mothers whose boys were em- 
ployed to capture these creatures 
caused the lads to turn them loose 
again unharmed, and at the same time 
gave them a verbal lesson on the 
wickedness of cruelty. 



SPORTIVE CRUELTY. 

There are said to be ovei- 1*0.000 men and boys 
in this country who are armed with guns. They 
mutilate and half-kiU birds, they maim the rab- 
bits, deer, and other animals, subjecting them to 
exquisite pain before they die: they chase deer 
into the water and murder them in their helpless- 
ness ; they ride after frightened foxes and drive 
them to a death of agonizing exhaustion; they 
hook up fish by the sensitive mucous membrane 
of the mouth and tear them from their wounds, 
all for . sport. There are, perhaps, half a dozen 
places in this country where vivisection is done 
on anaesthetized guinea pigs, rabbits, and occa- 
sionally dogs. Why doesn't the sensitive anti- 
vivisectionist attack the sportsman? Is it be- 
cause he is afraid, or because he is a sportsmen 
himself?— New York Medical'Record. 

The above spasm is either the result 
of dense Ignorance or wilful distortion 
of the truth. Every anti-vivisectionist 
condemns all the sports mentioned and 
is working against them; and every 
well-informed person knows that both 
continents abound in vivisectional lab- 
oratories, in colleges, universities, and 
schools of all descriptions where the 
most awful experiments are conducted 
without ana?sthetics, upon live ani- 
mals — according to the published re- 
cords of the vivisectors. 



The Herald of Health, London, is a 
substantial helper to our cause— as are 
all sanitary and hygienic journals and 
measures. Is it not significant that viv- 
isectionist physicians have little to say 
on the subject of cleanliness, dress and 
diet? Do they not fear that if these 
methods for good health are generally 
adopted among mankind their occupa- 
tion of vivisecting both animals and 
human beings will be gone? 

A TERRIBLE state of affairs has been 
discovered (not by vivisectors,- how- 
ever,) in connection with- "the best 
school buildings in Chicago"' — defective 
ventilation, vile refuse, and uncleanli- 
ness of all sorts calculated to produce 
and foster the germs of diphtheria and 
other dreaded diseases. The investi- 
gating committee is horrified at the 
state of affairs, and not surprised that 
diphtheria abounds. If vivisectors love 
the human race why not commence at 
fcfee root for its physical salvation. 



A XTJ- Tl VmMVTJON. 



THE OUTLOOK. 

The Rockford (111.) Star recently 
opened its columns to the discussion of 
Vivisection pro and con. The usual 
irrelative arguments were brought for- 
ward by amateur ''scientists'' — who, if 
they read any of the letters besides 
their own have doubtless learned some- 
thing - . 

Consequent upon the organization of 
a humane society at Pasadena, Cali.. 
Rev. Florence Kollock of the Univer- 
salist Church spoke strongly upon "the 
horrors of vivisection and the awful 
crimes committed in the name of sci- 
ence. " 

Dr. Harper of the University of Chi- 
cago, who has spent much time eluci- 
dating the Bible, is now "making stren- 
uous efforts to secure a biological lab- 
oratory in the University." The faith 
we put in such religion would be lost in 
a thimble. 

VIVISECTION AND CHRISTIANITY. 

Virchand R. Gandhi, Hon. Sec. of the 
Jain Association, of India, delegate to 
the Parliament of Religions at the 
World's Fair, lawyer, linguist, and ora- 
tor, gave an address on Vivisection at 
Washington, D. C, Nov. 25. The idea 
of universal love, the speaker said, was 
the foundation of the Hindoo religion: 
and one of the logical results of this 
idea was that cruelty to animals was 
barbarity, and that kindness to them 
was a divine inspiration. 
Furthermore, Dr. Gandhi said: 
•The tolerance of Christians for this brutal 
practice has done more than anything else to turn 
iud people of India, and especially those of my 
*eot against the doctrines of your people; for thay 
say that no religion that admits ot suon atrocities 
can be pure and tru3, neither can its priests and 
devotees be holy. To think that you, tne most ad - 
vanced and most intellectual people of the world, 
should be so insensible on this point is to us inex- 
plicable. My people regard this lust for blood as 
one of the relics of the old Roman ferocity that 
sacrificed men and beasts together in the arena, 
and this added to the intellect of the Greek makes 
the ferocity ten tinus more deadly. I pray you to 
think on these things and unite to wipe ont this 
stain from your national character." 



At the recent annual convention of 
the National W. C. T. U.. a resolution 
condemning vivisection was. for the 
third year, offered by Mrs. Mary F. 
Lovell of Bryn Mawr. Pa., and the 
third time adopted unanimously. Mr> . 
Lovell also spoke against the use of 
birds for the adornment of ladies' hats, 
against killing of seals for use in cloaks 
and urged her hearers to look in t > 
what she termed the horrors of the 
slaughter house. 



Rev. John M. Palmer of the Bathel 
African Methodist Church. German- 
town. Pa., recently preached a sermon 
upon the villainy of vivisection, making 
excellent points in the relation of the 
practice to the old ideaof slavery where- 
in might made right and drowned all 
sense of principle and honor. 



Rev. J. H. Acton, Vice Prest. of the 
111. A. V. S., has resigned his pastorate 
of the People's Church and will soon 
leave Aurora to assume charge of a 
church at Seattle, Wash. This is 
greatly to be regretted. Besides his 
ability as a rriEister Rev. Mr. Acton 
and his charming wife leave a vacancy 
in our society which, in Aurora at least, 
will not soon be filled; and they go from 
us with the most heartfelt wishes for 
their future happiness and prosperity. 
Their son, Gaylord, a member of Tae 
Vanguard, will remain for a time in 
Chicago. 



One of "our faithful outposts" Miss 
McCormick of LaFayette, Ind., framed 
one of Life's cartoons and induced one 
of the merchants of that city to display 
it in a window. This is a fine idea and 
we hope it will be adopted by other 
friends. These cartoons can be obtained 
of C. A. Hamlin, Syracuse, N. Y.. (209 
Highland PI.) at 25c per dozen. 



aTORICAL' COLLECTMON 



DUKE MED. CENTER LI3- 
HISTORICAL COLLECTION 




Dr. A. M. Phelps, of New York, twisted and bound the legs of dogs in unnatural positions: forced 
the leg of one dog over its back, binding it, and sealing it in plaster-of-paris; kept it thus 145 days. 
The above illustration is an exact copy of the drawing accompanying the article written by Dr. Pheips 
and published in "Laboratory Researches." They who know the pain of a limb even a short time in 
a cramped position can imagine the sufferings of this dog. 

AMERICAN VIVISECTIONS. 

ABBREVIATED FROM '-EXPERIMENTERS"' OWN PUBLISHED REPORTS 



{There %s employed to a great extent the drug 
curare, which paralyzes motion while sensibility 
acutely remains. According to Claude Bernard, 
who was named the "Prince of Tivisectors." the 
curarized animals undergo "atrocious suffering'* 
without being able to cry out or move a muscle.] 

Dr. C. F. Hodge of Clark Univer- 
sity, Worcester, Mass., in his book, "A 
Microscopical Study of Changes. " etc. 
(1892), gives the details of mutilation of 
a very large number of cats and frogs, 
in which curare was administered and 
sciatic nerve stimulated with electricity 
from thirty minutes to seven hours. 
At one time '"five gray kittens six or 
eight weeks old were used," and were 
made to fast from eleven to thirty hours 
before his operations began, and "stim- 
ulation was continued for five hours in 
each case." P. 133. 

In another "series" of six cats "stim- 
ulation was severe." P. 135. "A 
young dog stimulated severely for ten 
hours." P. 142. He worked a dog 
"from 5 o'clock in the morning until 3 
in the afternoon, racing him through 



woods and swimming him in ice water, 
which he (the dog) did willingly." 
P. 156. "With greater opportunity and 
facilities for work which Clark Univer- 
sity will afford, it is to be hoped that 
something may be accomplished during 
the coming year (1894)." P. 159. 

FROM "NINE CIRCLES." WHICH GIVES 
ITS AUTHORITY IN EVERY INSTANCE. 

P. 15. Drs. Bowditch and Warren of 
Harvard Medical School. Operations 
on cats. Sciatic nerve divided. Curare 
given. Concerning these operations on 
the spinal cord The Text Book of Hu- 
man Physiology says, "Rabbits shriek 
at the slightest touch." This cry in an 
animal that under ordinary circum- 
stances seldom emits a sound, is signifi- 
cant, and no further proof is necessary 
as to the suffering inflicted. 

P. 18. William Halstead of New 
York tried "circular suture" experi- 
ments- -opening the abdomen, drawing 
out a portion of the intestine which is 



tewn in a loop and placed in the abdom- 
inal cavity. "Some German experi- 
ments were not considered successful on 
account of small size of dogs and inabil- 
ity to bear the suffering." (1890). 

P. 24. Dr. Walter Mendelsohn of 
New York, placed curarized dogs in 
heated boxes to ascertain the functions 
of the liver in fever." 

P. 26. Dr. Leo Breisacher of Detroit, 
Mich., extirpated (cut out) the thyroid 
glands of thirty dogs and minutely de- 
scribes their consequent sufferings. 

P. 43. Harold C. Ernst of the Medi- 
cal School of Harvard University, Cam- 
bridge, Mass., repeats Pasteur's melan- 
choly experiments with rabies on thirty- 
two rabbits with a description of their 
terrible sufferings. 

P. 61. Dr. Pollitzer of New York, 
discourses on the ' 'Action of Peptones" 
injected into dogs, which induces 
"marked manifestations of pain and dis- 
tress." 

P. 75. Dr. H. Sewall, University of 
Michigan, experiments on pigeons with 
rattlesnake venom. The birds die in 
"clonic convulsions." 

P. 78. R. H. Chittenden of Yale 
University, "tested the effects of alco- 
hol on dogs, confining them in cages. 
To one animal thus confined twenty- 
eight days "alcohol was administered 
ten days. " (1891). 

P. 100. Dr. Councilman of Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore, excites 
inflammation in the eyes of frogs and 
cats by passing a thread through the 
cornea and applying croton oil, silver 
nitrate, caustic potassa and hot irons! 

Prof. Austin Flint of New York in his 
Text Book of Physiology says; We have 
ourselves frequently exposed and irri- 
tated the roots of nerves in dogs in pub- 
lic demonstration." 

Dr. B. A. Watson of Jersey City, in 
his book describes experiments upon 141 
dogs that he "hoppled," raised to a 
height of 24 feet and dropped upon 
ridges of iron. The backs of some were 
broken. Some of the dogs lived only a 
few hours and others for days in terrible 
suffering. (Sept. 1890.) This he called 
J 'Traumatism. " 

This same Dr. Phelps attempted to 
graft the leg of a living dog upon that 
of the shortened leg of a boy, in the 
New York Charity Hospital (1892). 
The suffering of this dog, a small span- 
iel, were largelv commented upon at the 



time. Its fore leg was mutilated and 
fastened to the limb of the boy. The 
dog was encased in solid plaster dress- 
ing so he could only move head and tail; 
the vocal cords were cut, so he could 
only "moan pitifully." The "experi- 
ment" was not successful. Both boy 
and dog were subjected to a season of 
severe and needless suffering. 

The following was taken from an article in 
The New York World, Feb. 21, 1892. 

The eyewitness of the experimentation 
at the veterinary department of the 
University of Pennsylvania is a compe- 
tent judge as well as a person of vera- 
city, and says that he was ushered into 
a room with windows far above the 
ground, to debar the curious from look- 
ing in. 

The door was unlocked to permit him 
to enter, and locked again when he was 
within. He supposed there was to be a 
regular examination of students, but 
to his surprise found there were to be 
experiments of a most revolting de- 
scription. 

A horse was before him, tied with a 
halter. The first pupil was told to 
drive a seton into the shoulder of the 
horse, a most painful operation; the 
second was asked to perform tracheot- 
omy — making an opening into the 
windpipe — and a third to drive a seton 
into the hind flank. By this time the 
horse had been "hobbled." that is, so 
tied that he could not move, and the 
next student was told to dissect the 
various nerves of the foot. No anaes- 
thetic OF ANY DESCRIPTION WAS 
GIVEN TO THE HORSE, and when the 
demonstrations were finished and the 
professor was asked by the visitor what 
would be done with the animal, he re- 
plied: "We leave it here, and if it is 
alive in the morning we go on with other 
experimentations. " 

Prof. Zuill the operator was a gradu- 
ate of Alfort, near Paris; and at this 
and similar institutions, as many as 
twelve horses are operated upon each 
week, and if the horses live to endure 
them, sixty -four are performed on each. 

When Prof. Zuill 's experimentation 
was reported (by the well-known veter- 
inary surgeon, Dr. Gadsden,) to the 
Philadelphia Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Animals, it was found 
that there was no law that would war- 
rant his arrest. 



Published by the Illinois A.nti- Vivisection Society, Aurora, 111. Anti- Vivisection Print. 



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